Jiff Slater
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30 Jul 2021
These articles have been archived. You may find them useful but I am no longer offering support for them. Check out my latest articles on plkt.io.
Quickly instantiating an Arch Linux systemd-nspawn container from Gentoo
6 December 2020

I recently needed to install the beets media organiser on Gentoo and found it needed a lot of packages to be unmasked. Rather than install it directly from pip and opted to install it inside a small Arch Linux container. I consider this a trial run before I move my Firefox installation from the VM I’m authoring this post to a container on the host.

Note that this method of working means you’ll have duplicate packages on your host system but, as they say, space is cheap, right?

Step 1: Acquiring the packages

Go ahead and download the bootstrap image from one of your favourite mirrors. The file name as of writing is ‘archlinux-bootstrap-2020.12.01-x86_64.tar.gz’. Note that I use the xattrs command line option for wget so I can remember from where I got the file. You can view the extended attributes by using `getfattr -d $FILENAME`.

$ wget --xattrs https://$HOST/archlinux/iso/2020.12.01/archlinux-bootstrap-2020.12.01-x86_64.tar.gz

Step 2: Creating the container directories

I always find this a bit of a chicken and egg problem – how do you name the directory in a way that reflects what you’re going to use it for. I’ve general stuck with writing the date of the initial creation as the directory name.

$ mkdir $HOME/containers/archlinux/2020-12-06
$ cd !$

Step 3: Launching the container and copying in the bootstrap directory.

Note that you need to run this as root.

# tar xzpf archlinux-bootstrap-2020.12.01-x86_64.tar.gz --strip-components=1

Step 4: Selecting a nearby mirror

Edit the mirrorlist file and uncomment the appropriate mirror.

# vim etc/pacman.d/mirrorlist

Step 5: Launching the container

This is where the magic of systemd-nspawn comes in. You can simply run the following (as root unfortunately)…

# systemd-nspawn -D ~user/containers/archlinux/2020-12-06